By Ayesha Mirza
3.575 million people die each year from water-related disease.
What is water crisis? It’s a situation where the demand for fresh water outruns the supply (water shortage). The two most dangers to global water stability are population growth and ground water depletion.
Human infectious diseases are the most common effects of water pollution. Some of the illnesses caused by water pollution are hepatitis A, typhoid, Gastroenteritis, Paratyphoid Fever, Shigellosis and diarrhea.
88% of cases of diarrhea worldwide are attributable to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation or insufficient hygiene.
Some of the solutions to water crisis are reducing nutrient and pesticide pollution, reducing sewage pollution, improving storm water management, stopping deforestation, reducing pollution from oil and petroleum liquids, repairing old water systems, using less water for agriculture by using drip irrigation, increasing water conservation and focusing resources on watershed management.
In the future, water crises will become increasingly common. The world’s population is estimated to grow by three billion and 90% of this growth will be in the developing world. Unless sustainable water solutions are scaled fast, regions already stressed for safe water sources will be over capacity.
An American taking a five-minute shower uses more water than the typical person living in a developing country slum uses in a whole day.